How to Grow Broccoli From Seeds to Harvest (The Easy Way)

How to grow broccoli

Have you ever wished you knew how to grow broccoli in your home garden? It's a lot easier than you might think! All you need is some broccoli seeds, a little compost, and some basic gardening tools. With a little patience, you can have delicious homegrown broccoli in no time.

This article will walk you through everything you need to know about growing broccolini from seed to harvest. We'll cover topics like starting your seeds indoors, transplanting the seedlings, fertilizing the plants, and dealing with pests and diseases.

We'll also tell you when and how to harvest your broccoli, and how to store it once it's been picked. So if you're ready to learn how to grow your own broccoli, read on!

How to Grow Broccoli Plants in a Home Garden

How to plant broccoli from seeds

Growing broccoli from seeds is a fun and easy way to get fresh vegetables in your diet. Broccoli is a versatile vegetable that can be eaten raw, cooked, or used in various recipes. It's also economical to grow because you can harvest multiple crops from one batch of seeds. Let's take a closer look at how to grow broccoli from seeds to harvest and what you'll need:

Gardening Tools

When it comes to growing broccoli, you'll need a few key tools to get started:

  • High quality seeds
  • Pots or containers
  • Potting mix
  • Topsoil
  • Watering can or hose with a sprinkler attachment

Broccoli Seeds

  • Start with high-quality seeds
  • Look for seeds that are disease-resistant and have a high germination rate
  • Plant seeds in soil that is rich in organic matter and well-drained
  • Soil should be high in nitrogen
  • To encourage head formation, remove lower leaves and pinch off axillary buds
  • Harvest broccoli when the heads are firm and tight

Read : How to Get Brussels Sprouts to Grow in Your Garden


Growing broccoli in raised beds

To achieve the best possible results when growing broccoli from seed, it is important to use compost. Compost provides essential nutrients that help the young plants to develop strong roots and healthy foliage. It also helps to retain moisture in the soil, which is crucial during the hot summer months. Compost can be divided into two broad categories:

  • Manure-Based
  • Plant-Based

Manure-based compost: is made from manure and other organic materials, such as food waste.

Plant-based compost is made from plant matter, such as dead leaves and grass clippings. Both types of compost can be purchased from garden centers or online retailers.

Alternatively, it is possible to make your own compost at home. To do this, you will need a compost bin (or two, if you have a lot of organic material to dispose of). The first step is to fill the bin(s) with a layer of organic material, such as dead leaves, grass clippings, or vegetable scraps.

It is important to chop or shred the material into small pieces before adding it to the bin, as this will speed up the decomposition process. Once the bin(s) is/are around half full, add a layer of manure (from cows, horses, chickens, etc.).

This will help to accelerate the decomposition process. Finally, top off the bin(s) with more organic material. Once again, be sure to chop or shred the material into small pieces before adding it. Once the bin(s) is/are full, cover it with a lid or piece of burlap.

This will help to retain moisture and prevent animals from getting into the compost. Allow the bin(s) to sit for six months to a year before using the compost in your garden.

Read : The Step-by-Step Guide to Growing Cabbage at Home


Broccoli how to grow

If you want to grow your own broccoli, it's relatively easy to do so from seeds. In order to get you started, I've included some simple instructions below. First, you'll need to purchase some broccoli seeds. You can find these at most garden stores or online.

Once you have your seeds, you'll need to start them indoors in late winter or early spring. To do this, fill some planting pots with potting soil and then sow the seeds about ¼ inch deep. Water the soil well and keep it moist but not soggy.

Place the pots in a warm, sunny spot and wait for the seeds to germinate. This can take anywhere from 7-14 days. Once the seeds have germinated, you can transplant them outdoors.

Be sure to choose a spot in your garden that gets plenty of sunlight and has well-drained soil. When transplanting, be careful not to damage the roots of the seedlings.

Water your plants well and fertilize them every few weeks. You should see heads starting to form in about 2-3 months. When the heads are big enough to eat, cut them off at the stem (leaving about an inch or two attached) and enjoy!

Step One: Start Your Seeds Indoors

Starting your seeds indoors is the best way to get a head start on the growing season. You can start your broccoli seeds 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in your area. To start your seeds, fill some seed trays or pots with a quality seed starting mix.

Sow your seeds about ½ inch deep and keep the soil moist but not wet. Give them plenty of light—a sunny windowsill or grow light works well. Once your seedlings emerge, thin them so that only the strongest plants are left. You can transplant the extras into other pots or tray.

Step Two: Transplant the Seedlings

Stages sprouts in containers

After the seedlings have grown big enough to handle, transplant them into your garden. Choose a spot that gets plenty of sunlight and has loose, well-drained soil. Make sure to space the seedlings 12 to 24 inches apart, depending on the variety of broccoli you’re growing.

To transplant the seedlings, dig a hole that’s big enough to fit the root ball. Loosen the roots gently and insert the seedling in the hole. Resupply the trench with soil, lightly push it down, and water thoroughly.

Step Three: Fertilize the Plants

After your broccoli plants have reached about 6 inches tall, it's time to start fertilizing them. You can use either a granular or liquid fertilizer, but make sure it's one that's specifically designed for vegetables. Follow the fertiliser application instructions on the package.

As your plants continue to grow, you'll need to keep up with the fertilizing. Once a month is usually sufficient. If you notice the leaves starting to yellow, that's a sign that the plants are not getting enough nutrients and you'll need to fertilize more often.

Step Four: Watch for Pests and Diseases

How grow broccoli

As your broccoli plants mature, they will become more susceptible to pests and diseases. Be on the lookout for common problems like aphids, whiteflies, and caterpillars, as well as diseases like black rot and downy mildew.

If you see any pests or diseases on your plants, take action immediately. Rubbing alcohol or horticultural oil can be effective against aphids, whiteflies, and other small pests. For caterpillars, hand-picking is usually the best solution.

If you see signs of black rot or downy mildew, remove affected leaves and dispose of them immediately. These diseases can spread quickly, so it's important to be vigilant. With a little care, you can enjoy a bumper crop of delicious broccoli!

Step Five: Harvest the Broccoli

Planting broccolini

It's almost time to harvest your broccoli! Here's what you need to do:
1. Cut the broccoli heads from the plant using a sharp knife.
2. Trim away any yellow or brown leaves.
3. Wash the broccoli heads thoroughly.
4. Enjoy!


Refrigerator: Wash your broccoli heads under cool running water. Cut off any brown or yellow leaves. Trim the stem end and cut the broccoli into florets or bite-sized pieces. Place the broccoli in a plastic bag or container and seal tightly. Label the bag or container with the date of harvest and “refrigerator”. Keep refrigerated for up to one week.

Freezer: Wash your broccoli heads under cool running water. Cut off any brown or yellow leaves. Trim the stem end and cut the broccoli into florets or bite-sized pieces. Place the broccoli in a plastic bag or container and seal tightly. Label the bag or container with the date of harvest and “freezer”. Keep in the freezer for a maximum of six months.

Pantry: Wash your broccoli heads under cool running water. Cut off any brown or yellow leaves. Trim the stem end and cut the broccoli into florets or bite-sized pieces. Place the broccoli in a plastic bag or container and seal tightly. Label the bag or container with the date of harvest and “pantry”. Cool and dry storage for up to two days. - FB

Read : The Easiest and Simplest Way to Build a Raised Bed Garden

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take to grow broccoli

Is broccoli easy to grow from seed?

Growing broccoli from seed is not difficult, but it does require some attention. First, broccoli dislikes cold weather, so plant seeds in warm soil mixed with compost or manure. Next, water the plants as they grow rather than when they are established. Use fish emulsion or bone meal to fertilise them.

Broccoli can be harmed by pests and diseases if not properly cared for, so keep an eye out. This excellent vegetable should last months if properly produced and cared for.

How long does it take for a broccoli plant to produce?

Broccoli plants will typically produce flowers and fruit within eight months of being planted, and they will become mature around 12–18 months after being planted. At this point, the crop will be ready to harvest.

Once your broccoli is harvested, it should be stored in an airtight container in a dark and cool place. You can also freeze broccoli for use later.

What month do you plant broccoli seeds?

Broccoli seeds are usually sown in the springtime, although they can be planted at any time of the year. When you plant broccoli seeds, make sure to use a good soil mix that is nutrient-rich and free from chemicals.

How long does it take to grow broccoli from seed?

It takes around 60 days for broccoli to reach maturity, and during that time, it will need plenty of water and sunlight. Once the curls turn green, it is time to transplant your seedlings into the ground. Make sure to position them so that they get as much sun as possible.

What is the trick to growing broccoli?

Broccoli is a vegetable that can be difficult to grow, but there are some tips and tricks that you can use to help make it successful. One thing to remember is that broccoli needs plenty of sunlight and warm temperatures in order for its seeds to sprout. This means that you may need to move your broccoli plants around regularly so they get the sun they need.

It's also important not to overwater your plants; allow them enough room so they aren't standing in water, but don't let them dry out either. Finally, fertilize your broccoli occasionally with an organic fertilizer or composted manure; this will help promote strong growth and healthy leaves.


After you've read this article, you should have all the information you need to grow broccoli from seeds to harvest. With a little care and attention, you can produce a healthy crop of broccoli in your own home. - Garden Lot


I'm simply an average person that is still learning the art of interior design, with gardening being my primary interest. - Home & Garden Lot ❤️

Previous Post Next Post

Contact Form