How to Make Compost to Feed Your Plants and Reduce Waste

How to make compost

Reducing waste is one of the simplest things we can do to help our environment. And composting is a great way to reduce waste in an environmentally-friendly way. Compost is made up of organic materials that have been broken down by microorganisms and turned into soil. Not only does compost help to improve plant growth, it also helps to reduce carbon emissions.

In this blog post, we’ll show you how to make compost using common kitchen ingredients and how it can help reduce waste in your home or garden. We’ll also discuss some tips for making sure your compost is healthy and pest-free. By following these simple steps, you can help reduce your environmental impact and feed your plants in the process!

What is Compost?

Composting for beginners

Compost is made up of organic materials that have been broken down by bacteria and fungi. It is a valuable resource for plants because it offers them nutrients and helps to reduce waste. When you make compost, you are breaking down the organic matter into particles that are small enough for plants to absorb. This process creates an aerobic environment in which bacteria and fungi can work.

To make compost, you will need some basic supplies: organic material, water, and soil amendments (such as animal manure or compost). You can mix these ingredients together in a large container or pile, or you can buy composting bins specifically designed for this purpose. The best way to start making your own compost is to take some simple steps:

1. Add the appropriate amount of organic material to your container or pile, based on the size of the batch you are creating.

2. Mix in water until the mixture becomes moistened but not wet.

3. Loosely cover the pile with soil and let it sit for about two weeks, stirring once or twice during this time period.

4. After two weeks, remove the top layer of soil and examine your composting mixture closely; you should see small black worms crawling around inside it (or small pieces of decomposing material if you are using a bin). If everything looks normal, add more soil and continue composting according to these steps. If there are any signs of problems (e.g., greenish-black mold, excessive flies), stop composting and consult a professional.

5. After composting for a few months, you will see piles of brown material that is ready to use as fertilizer for plants.

Types of Composting

Making compost in a bin at home step by step

Composting is the process of breaking down organic matter, such as leaves, branches and food scraps into nutrient-rich soil. There are three basic types of composting: physical, chemical and biological.

Physical composting involves breaking down the material by hands or a mechanical composter. The most common type of physical compost is called “hot pile” composting because the materials are piled on top of each other and turned regularly with a fork or spade. This type of compost is best for small amounts of organic material because it doesn’t create a deep bed, which allows critters to invade the pile and cause odor problems.

Chemical composting involves adding an enzyme to break down the material. This type of compost is best for larger amounts of organic material because it creates a deep bed that inhibits critter invasion. Two common types of chemicals used in composting are nitrogen and carbon mono-amines. Nitrogen helps break down proteins while carbon mono-amines help break down cellulose and other plant fibers.

Biological composting involves adding bacteria to the mix to help break down the material. Biological compost is best for waste that contains large chunks or pieces because it can take more time for the bacteria to decompose them. Two common types of bacteria used in biological compost are aerobic (able to photosynthesize) and anaerobic (able to breakdown lactic acid).

What to do with Vegetable Waste

Compost fertilizer with kitchen waste

When you're done with your vegetables, don't just discard the waste! Turn it into compost to feed your plants and help reduce waste. Here are four easy steps to turning vegetable waste into compost:

1) Collect all of your vegetable waste in a single container.

2) Add organic matter (e.g., leaves, straw, food scraps) to make sure the mixture is moist but not wet.

3) Mix everything well, then spread the compost out on a covered surface.

4) Let it sit for about two months, or until it becomes dark and crumbly. Now you're ready to give your plants a nutritious boost with compost!

How to Make Compost

Making compost is a great way to reduce waste and help your plants! Here are 3 easy steps on how to make compost:

1. Choose the right materials: You'll need organic material like food waste, shredded paper, leaves, and weeds. In addition, you can add in some carbon materials like sawdust or rice hulls.

2. Mix it up: Start by mixing the materials together until they're evenly mixed. Then shape the compost into small pellets or bricks.

3. Keep it wet: Make sure the compost is always wet so it can break down easily. Add water, soil amendments, or a natural fertilizer every few weeks to keep it fresh and active.

What to do with Fruit and Flower Waste

If you’re like most people, you probably throw away a lot of fruit and flower waste. But if you compost it, you can use it to feed your plants and reduce waste. Here are some tips on how to make compost from fruit and flower waste:

1. Collect the fruit and flower waste before it goes bad. Don’t compost rotten or overripe fruit or flowers.

2. Break the fruits or flowers into small pieces.

3. Add the pieces of fruit and flowers to a large container ( at least 2 cubic yards).

4. Add organic matter (leaves, needles, straw) to the mixture until it is moist but not wet.

5. Cover the mixture with a foundation of dirt or straw (at least 1 cubic yard). Don’t put litter on top or the compost will burn and smoke. Maintain a warm and humid condition for best effective composting. If you can't keep it indoors, make sure to protect it from rain, snow, and sunshine by placing a tarp over it when not in use.

How Much Compost to Make

How to use kitchen waste for gardening

Composting is a great way to reduce waste and help your plants grow. Here are four tips for making compost:

1. Use organic materials. Compost made from organic materials is high in nitrogen, which helps plants grow.

2. Add nitrogen-rich materials. To make compost that’s especially rich in nitrogen, add nitrogen-rich materials such as kitchen scraps, dead leaves, or woodchips.

3. Rotate your material. Rotating your compost pile will help it break down more quickly and improve the mix of ingredients.

4. Make sure the right environment is created. Make sure the right environment is created for composting by keeping the pile moist but not wet and avoiding overheating or freezing temperatures.

What to Do with Old Compost

The most important part of composting is to make sure that the material you are composting is organically rich. Materials like straw, leaves, grass clippings, and newspaper can all be composted at home if they are properly mixed with organic matter like yard waste, kitchen scraps, and fruit and vegetable waste.

To start composting your own materials, you will need some basic supplies. A bucket or container that will hold at least 2 cubic yards of material, a trowel or pitchfork to turn the pile, a thermometer to monitor the temperature of the pile, and a set of gloves if you plan on handling the decomposing materials.

Once you have gathered your supplies, it is time to start composting! Start by collecting all of the larger pieces of debris like leaves, branches, twigs, and straws. These items can be placed in one corner of the container while smaller stuff like dry grasses and flowers go in another corner. Make sure that everything is mixed together well so that it forms a mixture that is about 60% moist dirt/40% decomposing plant material.

Now it's time to add fresh organic material like food scraps and left-over vegetables from your kitchen. Keep adding new material until it reaches 2 feet or so high off the bottom of the container. Make sure to turn the pile every few weeks so that it mixes everything up evenly and produces hot air which helps break down materials faster. If your pile is getting too wet, add some dry material like leaves or straws to help absorb moisture.

If you plan on keeping your compost pile for more than a few months, it is important to keep it well aerated. To do this, add a layer of leaves, hay, or other coarse material every couple of months. If the pile becomes too tall and difficult to turn, you can also add a wheelbarrow full of earth to help smother the decomposing materials.

Once your compost is ready, you can use it in your garden or yard to improve the soil and increase the nutrient content of the soil. Remember to always wear gloves when handling compost materials as they can be harmful if ingested.

Frequently Ask Questions

Composting is a great way to reduce waste and help feed your plants. Here are some Frequently Asked Questions about how to make compost at home:

What is the best method of composting?
There is no one perfect way to compost. Different methods work better for different types of compost. Some people prefer to compost in a pile, while others prefer to use a compost bin. Both methods work well, and it's up to you which one you prefer.

How long does it take to compost?
Composting takes time, but it's easy to get started. Most people find that it takes about two months to compost a heap of leaves or vegetable scraps. It may take longer if the materials are wet or if there are a lot of seeds or small pieces of matter.

How do I make sure my compost is fertile?
Fertile compost is important for healthy plants. To make sure your compost is fertile, add nitrogen-rich items like chicken manure or blood worms. You can also add fresh vegetables or fruit scraps to help break down the materials and make the soil more fertile.

What is the fastest method of composting?
There is no fast or slow way to compost. The time it takes to compost depends on the materials, how wet the material is, and how many seeds or small pieces of matter are in the mix.

Can I compost food scraps?
Yes, you can compost food scraps. Just be sure to add enough nitrogen-rich items like chicken manure or blood worms to make the soil more fertile.

What should you not put in compost?
Some things you should not put in your compost pile include lawn clippings, tree branches, and pet wastes. These materials can contain chemicals that can harm your plants.

Can I compost meat scraps?
Yes, you can compost meat scraps. Just be sure to add enough nitrogen-rich items like chicken manure or blood worms to make the soil more fertile.

How often do you water compost?
There is no set watering schedule for compost. You should water your compost when it's dry, but you don't need to water it every day.

Can I put compost in the garden?
Yes, you can put compost in the garden. Just be sure to add enough nitrogen-rich items like chicken manure or blood worms to make the soil more fertile.


Having a well-manicured garden is one thing, but having a healthy and sustainable ecosystem is another. One way to achieve this goal is by composting your organic waste. By doing so, you not only reduce the amount of garbage that goes to landfills, but you also get valuable nutrients and minerals into the soil where your plants can use them to grow healthily. Give composting a try this year and see how easy it is! - Home Garden Lot


I'm simply an average person that is still learning the art of interior design, with gardening being my primary interest. - Home & Garden Lot ❤️

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